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Amendments

April 2018

Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Recognition of Significant Harm This chapter has been updated to add a new section on Non-recent (Historical) Abuse. Please reference.
Protocol on Sharing Information in Order to Safeguard and Promote the Welfare of Children This chapter has been updated to add a link to ‘NHS Child Protection – Information Sharing project (CP-IS)’, designed to enable social care staff to securely share information with health staff.

Managing Individual Cases where there are Concerns about a Child's Safety and Welfare –

Introduction

This chapter has been updated to add a link in Relevant Guidance to NSPCC flyers for health professionals working with children, (part of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Heath Child Protection Evidence – guidance and resources site). These resources detail aspects of physical child abuse and are based on collaborative work by the NSPCC and Cardiff Child Protection Systematic Reviews at Cardiff University. The information contained within the resources will be of use to a wide range of professionals in different disciplines who work with young peoples and their families.

Managing Individual Cases where there are Concerns about a Child's Safety and Welfare –

Referrals Procedure

This chapter has been updated to add a link in Relevant Guidance to NSPCC flyers for health professionals working with children, (part of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Heath Child Protection Evidence – guidance and resources site). These resources detail aspects of physical child abuse and are based on collaborative work by the NSPCC and Cardiff Child Protection Systematic Reviews at Cardiff University. The information contained within the resources will be of use to a wide range of professionals in different disciplines who work with young peoples and their families.
Child Abuse and Information Communication Technology

This chapter has been updated to note that where young people are voluntarily sending/sharing sexual images or content with one another, the police may use the recently introduced ‘outcome 21’ recording code to record that a crime has been committed but that it is not considered to be in the public interest to take criminal action against the people involved. Also, to note that Coram Children’s Legal Centre provides free legal advice/guidance for children.

The guidance also seeks to reflect the recent establishment of the Lincolnshire Joint Diversionary Panel (JDP) which is a partnership approach to addressing the behaviour of children and young people and is underpinned by restorative approaches.

(See Section 5 – Measures to Safeguard Young People Online).
Safeguarding Children and Young People at risk of Sexual Exploitation Policy

This chapter has been updated to add new links to:

  • Children’s Commissioner, ‘Preventing Child Sexual Abuse’ (2017);
  • College of Policing, ‘Responding to Child Sexual Exploitation’;
  • NCA, Modern Slavery Human Trafficking Unit (MSHTU);
  • Home Office, Tackling child sexual exploitation: Progress report (2017);
  • LGA, Child sexual exploitation: A resource back for councils (2017);
  • Centre of expertise on child sexual abuse, Key messages from research on child sexual exploitation;
  • Research in practice, Child sexual exploitation: Practice Tool (2017);
  • Barnardo’s - Child Sexual Exploitation.
These, together with existing links to guidance and information, can be found in a new section ‘Further Information’.
LSCB Joint Protocol for Missing Children and Young People This chapter has been updated to reflect current organisations’ practice (note the SAFE Hub) and to acknowledge that Lincolnshire adhere to the East Midlands regional Protocol for Missing Children, (see Appendix 7: East Midlands Protocol for Missing Children). The chapter re-emphasises that ‘Return Interviews’ (see Section 11, Return Interviews: Safety, Assessment and Information Gathering) are conducted by Barnado’s, a commissioned service independent of the Local Authority.
Children Living Away from Home

This chapter has been updated to add several relevant links:

Section 2 - Basic Standards: Working Together to safeguard Children (2015) and ChildLine;

Section 5 – Private Fostering: Lincolnshire County Council Private Fostering (Information leaflet) and Children Act 1989: private fostering’;

Section 6 - Children in Hospital: ‘Statutory visits to children with special educational needs and disabilities or health conditions in long term residential settings, DfE/DoH (2017)’ and The National Service Framework for Children, Young People and Maternity Services (NSF), (2004) including Standard 6, DfES/DoH, Children and Young People who are ill’

Section 7 - Children in Custody: National Standards for Youth Justice Services; Action to be taken if there are concerns about the child’s safety or welfare in ‘Volume 2: Care Planning, placement and case review (2015)’ and R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex parte Howard League for Penal Reform (2002) EWHC 2497.
Female Genital Mutilation This chapter has been amended by updating the Female Genital Mutilation flow chart of Information Sharing. (See Appendix 3). Please reference.
Forced Marriage This chapter was amended to add a further note regarding the Warning Signs and to add links to HM Government, Multi-agency guidelines: Handling cases of Forced Marriage (2014) (see Relevant Guidance above).
Safeguarding Children who may have been Trafficked This chapter has been updated to add a link to DfE, Care of Unaccompanied Migrant Children and Child Victims of Modern Slavery: Statutory Guidance for Local Authorities (November 2017)’ (which replaced previous 2014 statutory guidance on Safeguarding trafficked children).
Recognising Disguised Compliance & Disengagement Among Families: Practice Guidance This chapter has been adjusted in April 2018 to recognise the issue of ‘disguised compliance’ and link to an NSPCC Factsheet on this, (see Recognition and Understanding), as well as re-titling the chapter itself. This is a detailed and candid chapter regarding the relationships that can emerge when working with some professionals and challenging families, and it explores the range of responses and challenges that can occur when families seek to avoid engaging. All professionals should be aware of the dimension their own behaviour might have to play which may impact on the outcome. Recognition of openness and support is essential to ensure continued effective safeguarding of children. Please re-reference.
Supporting Children and Young People Vulnerable to Violent Extremism This chapter has been updated in April 2018 to particularly add links to ‘Advice for Local Authorities – Safeguarding Children Returning to the UK from Syria’ and ‘DfE Home Office Letter on safeguarding British minors returning from Syria & Iraq’ (see National Guidance and Strategies). The Prevent Duty Guidance for Lincolnshire Schools and registered childcare providers has been updated also. (See Appendix 1).
Pre-Birth Protocol This chapter has been significantly updated to reflect current organisational changes and terminology and to include an updated protocol Flowchart. Note: the professional who is first made aware of the pregnancy should initiate the pre-birth protocol and complete an Early Help Assessment (see Section 2, The Roles and Responsibilities of Professionals in Respect of Unborn Children).
Concealment and Denial of Pregnancy and Birth This chapter has been updated to reflect current terminology i.e Child & Young Person Nurse, and to acknowledge that when professionals talk to women about their circumstances and are seeking to find out what support they need, an Early Help Assessment and TAC should be initiated if required – including an education setting if the woman is under 18, (and therefore a ‘child’ themselves).
Joint Lincolnshire Protocol to Reduce Offending and the Criminalisation of Children in Care Minor adjustments were made in this chapter; it recognises that addressing youth crime enables young people to make a positive contribution to their communities. Working together in partnership to address youth crime, also enhances community safety.
Managing Allegations of Abuse Made Against Persons who Work with Children and Young People This chapter was adjusted to note that referrals should be made to the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) via the Lincolnshire LSCB website (see Local Authority Designated Officer) and to advise that there is Guidance provided by the DBS regarding the Barring Service, (see Post Investigation).
Local Contacts This has been updated. Please reference as required.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Male Circumcision

The British Association of Paediatric Surgeons advises that there is rarely a clinical indication for circumcision. Doctors should be aware of this and reassure parents accordingly. Where parents request circumcision for their son for assumed medical reasons, it is recommended that circumcision should be performed by or under the supervision of doctors trained in children's surgery in premises suitable for surgical procedures.

The chapter contains a section on ‘Good Practice’. Please reference as required.
Modern Slavery This chapter seeks to set out guidance on how to identify and respond to a child or young person where there are concerns that they are a victim or a potential victim of modern slavery. It should be read in conjunction with the Trafficked Children and the Referrals Procedure. The chapter contains an Information Report Form with guidance. (See Appendix).
Working With Sexually Active Young People

This chapter has been fully and comprehensively changed and amended – replacing a similar, previous chapter.

There are two parts to this document: Part One is a Protocol and should be followed and embedded within all Agencies processes; it is designed to assist staff to identify where sexual relationships may be abusive and whether a child or young person may need the provision of protection or additional services in relation to sexual activity.

Part Two is broader Guidance/information that Practitioners may find useful when supporting young people who are sexually active. Both Parts are relevant to Practitioners working with children and young people.

Pre-Trial Therapy Protocol for Children Standing Trial for Criminal Offences This chapter seeks to establish a multi-agency protocol for professionals working with children who are alleged perpetrators and who are identified themselves to require therapy prior to a criminal trial. It is recognised that there is a tension between minimizing delay in meeting a child’s needs for such therapy against prejudicing / tainting evidence for a criminal trial. This chapter seeks to provide some key steps. The chapter is not appropriate for private family proceedings.
Dangerous Dogs and Safeguarding Children As well as providing information and comment on The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (see Appendix 1), this new chapter provides guidance on situations where children may be vulnerable and making an effective assessment of risk. Appendix 2 also contains some useful resources and Contacts. Please reference.

Next Update: October 2018


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